The Branford Marsalis Quartet with Special Guest Kurt Elling Soar on Upward Spiral
First Meeting of Acclaimed Ensemble and Singer Yields a Program of Small Group Jazz with Voice for the 21st Century
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It is no secret that the Branford Marsalis Quartet can be as freewheeling off the bandstand as in performance. Saxophonist Marsalis, pianist Joey Calderazzo, bassist Eric Revis and drummer Justin Faulkner are each bold personalities with strong opinions, equally intense in both musical and verbal exchanges. “The band talks about all kinds of things, many of which are unprintable,” Marsalis admits. “But we have serious musical debates as well.”
One of these conversations led to Upward Spiral, the new album with special guest Kurt Elling that Marsalis Music is releasing via OKeh Records on June 10, 2016.
“One topic we got into was picking the best singer to work with our band,” Marsalis recalls. “My candidate was Kurt Elling, because he has the most flexible voice around, is always in tune and is a true jazz musician. When I met Kurt two years ago at a Thelonious Monk Institute competition, we had a conversation at the bar about doing a record together.”
“I had bumped into Branford on the road a handful of times, and we always had significant conversations,” Elling adds. “So when he mentioned making a record, I said 'any time.'” What has emerged, after an intense week of performance and recording in New Orleans, is a collection that blends Songbook staples, jazz standards, and standards-to-be from a diverse array of composers.
The goal from the outset was to create a true partnership. “I usually reject the word 'collaboration,'” Marsalis admits, “because it implies a third thing from that which each collaborator does well. I don't need a collaborator to do what I normally do, and Kurt doesn't, either. But this time, none of us were going to do what we normally do. The goal here, even though he sings lyrics, was to highlight Kurt's voice as an instrument.”
Elling was more than prepared for the challenge. “I love singing with a hard-hitting band,” he confirms, “and I've spent so much time trying to be with excellent tenor players. From when I started in Chicago, working with Von Freeman, Eddie Johnson and Ed Petersen up to more recent gigs with Ernie Watts, Joel Frahm and Houston Person, I've made it a point to be comfortable around a great tenor sound.
“I didn't want Branford's band to feel that it had to hold back because a singer was there. To be welcomed into the Quartet's circle, which is all about new challenges and hard blowing, was very important to me. When I asked Branford what to bring about a week before the date, he said 'Don't worry, you've got the thing.' So I brought 'the thing.'”
Choosing songs, which were tested over a weekend's engagement at New Orleans' Snug Harbor before three days in the studios of the Ellis Marsalis Center for Music, became a process in which all five musicians had input. “Everyone in the band is always listening to all kinds of music,” Marsalis emphasizes, “so it's not as if we had to go out and do research on vocal records.
“For example, I had been listening to the Oscar Brown song 'Long as You're Living' for two years before the date. The first time I heard Sting's 'Practical Arrangement,' I called him and asked for a lead sheet, because I wanted to play that song with the quartet even before the idea of recording with Kurt came up.
I also chose ' Só Tinha de Ser Com Você,' a Jobim song that has not been done to death. I told everyone to study Elis Regina's version, because I wanted us to sound authentic rather than generic. Doing 'Blue Gardenia' was my idea, while Eric originally suggested Chris Whitley's 'From One Island' when we were talking about more recent songs.
“At one point Kurt said that there was too much melancholy, so I came up with 'There's a Boat Dat's Leavin' Soon' because I love Shirley Horn's version. But so much of the beauty is in the melancholic material, and I'm confident that my audience is ready for real life.”
Elling also brought ideas and several songs to the partnership. “I had been working on some difficult classical music at the time and was content not to have one of my songs on the record,” Marsalis admits, “but Joey showed Kurt 'Cassandra' at Snug Harbor and Kurt wanted to write a lyric and record it.”
Calderazzo wrote the music for “The Return (Upward Spiral)” and sent it to Elling, who added a lyric prior to the session. The singer also suggested “Doxy,” the Sonny Rollins classic with lyrics that Mark Murphy introduced; “West Virginia Rose,” with music and lyrics by pianist Fred Hersch; and “Momma Said,” with the quartet responding spontaneously in the studio to the Calvin Forbes poem.
Two classic ballad performances complete the collection. “Kurt had wanted to do 'Blue Velvet,' using Bobby Vinton's hit version as a starting point,” Marsalis recalls. “I said that I'd write it out, but Kurt said, 'No, I want us to sound like ghosts, with just enough technique to get the message across.' He also wanted to do a voice/tenor duet, which I was originally against, but we tried 'I'm a Fool to Want You' and he was right. When you have a singer who can inhabit the emotional space, it works.”
Every track on Upward Spiral confirms the beyond-category strengths of both the Quartet and Elling. “No one in the band had to make adjustments, because good musicians can play many styles of music,” Marsalis notes. “We're fully engaged with one another when we're playing, so it was easy to engage with Kurt. The only adjustment was not to play long solos, but if making the music sound good means playing less, you play less.”
Elling adds that “My thing is always about tailoring what I do to the vision and personality of the band, and Branford's quartet is a real working band, which is both an incredible luxury and incredibly important for the music. They provided everything on a silver platter.”
For Marsalis, Upward Spiral is consistent with all of his previous music. “My philosophy of jazz is that it should be about strong melodies and a great beat, and every song here has a melody that you can hold in your mind, that you can sing. This is not jazz as a personal think tank, where people are only concerned with impressing everyone already inside of the tank with deconstruction and reharmonization. This is the kind of music that should expand our base to include people who would like jazz if it were friendlier. From the minute Kurt started performing with us, it was all good.”
Release date: June 10, 2016
There's A Boat Dat's Leavin' Soon For New York
George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin, Edwin DuBose Hayward
Lester Lee and Sidney Keith Russell
From One Island To Another
Sting, Robert Mathes
Sonny Rollins (music), Mark Murphy (lyrics)
I'm A Fool To Want You
Frank Sinatra, Jack Wolf, Joel S. Herron
West Virginia Rose
Só Tinha de Ser Com Você
Antonio Carlos Jobim, Aloysio de Oliveira
Branford Marsalis (music), Calvin Forbes (poetry)
Branford Marsalis (music), Kurt Elling (lyrics)
Lee Morris and Bernie Wayne
The Return (Upward Spiral)
Joey Calderazzo (music), Kurt Elling (lyrics)